Archive of Frederick Augustus Christal
Comprises folders of research notes, academic articles, illustrations, memoranda and publications from Christal's time in Iraq, Ethiopia, East Pakistan and Jordan, as well as office diaries from 1950 to 1982.
- Creation: 1949-1982
1.05 Linear metres (7 boxes)
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Access
All material is open.
Oxford, Bodleian Libraries [followed by shelfmark and folio or page reference, e.g. MS. 12191/1].
Full range of shelfmarks:
MSS. 12191/1-6, MS. 12191 Photogr. 1
Collection ID (for staff)
CMD ID 12191
Research notes and office diaries of Frederick Christal (1921-2006), sanitarian.
Biographical / Historical
Frederick Augustus Christal (1921-2006) was a sanitarian, whose work largely focused on the management and treatment of malaria in the Middle East and Africa. He first worked in Germany for the British Red Cross Society from May 1945 until December 1948, when he was sent by the Society to Jordan to help with the refugee problem. In May 1950 the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) took over the Red Cross staff there and he was assigned as Camps and Sanitation Officer, building three further camps to bring the total to seven, of which he was in charge until October 1952.
In November 1952 he joined the World Health Organization (WHO) to supervise spraying operations for a malaria demonstration and control project based in Suleymaniya in Iraq. In 1954 the project’s area was tripled to take in all of northern Iraq, with headquarters in Baghdad. This lasted until the revolution of June 1958. He was transferred to Ethiopia, where he assisted with surveys for the Malaria Control Project, working out of the Malaria Training Centre in Nazreth. During his time in Ethiopia, he was responsible for the training and education of numerous Ethiopians in the treatment, diagnosis and prevention of malaria. Subsequent assignments for the WHO included four years to May 1970 on malaria surveillance, operations and training in Dacca in the then East Pakistan (interrupted for an urgent three-month stint to address an epidemic in Ceylon); two years in Somalia; and ten years with the Malaria Eradication Programme in Afghanistan.
Frederick was married to Nevart Christal. He died in 2006.
This archive has been arranged into two series according to the type of material. Original order has been preserved where possible.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Donated by Bill Jackson in May 2016 as part of the United Nations Career Records Project.
- 20th century
- Commonwealth countries
- Developing Countries
- Documentary photography
- Ecological genetics
- Education -- Africa
- Education -- Developing countries
- Entomologists -- Africa
- Human genetics
- International agencies
- Lectures (teaching method)
- Lectures and lecturing
- Malaria Action Programme
- Maps -- Africa
- Medical personnel
- Medical personnel -- Africa
- Middle East -- Maps
- Photographs -- Africa
- Research institutes
- British Red Cross (Organisation)
- World Health Organisation (Organisation)
- Christal | Frederick | Augustus | 1921-2006 | sanitarian (Person)
- United Nations (Organisation)
- Catalogue of the Archive of Frederick Augustus Christal
- Finding aid prepared by Carys Howell
- Language of description
- Script of description