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Enfield Collections of Richard Gough


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Collections for a history of Enfield, Middlesex, made by Richard Gough.


  • Creation: 1771-1814


0.55 Linear metres (5 boxes)

Language of Materials

  • English

Preferred Citation

Oxford, Bodleian Libraries [followed by shelfmark and folio or page reference, e.g. MS. Gough Middlesex 8, fols. 1-2].

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Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. Gough Middlesex 8-12

Collection ID (for staff)

CMD ID 12978


Enfield Collections of Richard Gough

Biographical / Historical

Richard Gough (1735-1809), antiquary, was born in London, received a private education, and was admitted a fellow-commoner of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, in July 1752, but left in 1756 without taking a degree. From the age of eleven he was a prolific writer, but after his Cambridge days devoted himself almost exclusively to British topography and antiquities, making annual tours through different parts of Britian, often in company with John Nichols, his printer and publisher, and employing artists such as Jacob Schnebbelie and James Basire to illustrate his notes. In 1767 he became FSA and from 1771-97 was Director of the Society of Antiquaries. In 1774, on the death of his mother, extensive estates fell to him, which his father (who died in 1751) had bequeathed to him in reversion.

Gough's chief works were his British Topography (1768, and 2 vols. 1780, an account of the literature of the subject), the Sepulchral Monuments of Great Britain (1786-99), and a greatly augmented edition of Camden's Britannia (3 vols. 1789; 4 vols. 1806; a third edition was begun in 1806, but not finished and never published). His numerous minor publications on classical, antiquarian and topographical subjects evince immense industry and activity, while his independent means enabled him to devote himself to his chosen pursuits. In the course of his life he amassed a large library of books and engravings, chiefly topographical, which included many volumes from the libraries of Ducarel, Lort, Blomefield, Peter Le Neve, Hutchins, West and others.

Other Finding Aids

Falconer Madan, et al., A summary catalogue of western manuscripts in the Bodleian Library at Oxford which have not hitherto been catalogued in the Quarto series (7 vols. in 8 [vol. II in 2 parts], Oxford, 1895-1953; reprinted, with corrections in vols. I and VII, Munich, 1980), vol. VI, nos. 36609-36613.

Custodial History

From the collection of John Nichols, Gough's executor (cl. 1826). Included in the sales of the library of John Gough Nichols, grandson of the above, in Dec. 1874 (where MSS. Gough Middlesex 8-9 formed lot 1103) and April 1879 (where no. 36612 formed part of lot 187). Subsequently owned by Mr. John W. Ford.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The collections were purchased at Sotheby's on Feb. 19, 1914 (lots 818, 820).

Related Materials

See also Correspondence of Richard Gough (MSS. Gough gen. top. 39-44) and Gough Collection (MSS. Gough).

Enfield Collections of Richard Gough
Collection Level Description by Emily Tarrant; EAD version 2020 by Alice Whichelow
EAD version 2020
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Bodleian Libraries Repository

Weston Library
Broad Street
Oxford OX1 3BG United Kingdom