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Gough Collection

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Collections of Richard Gough, consisting of topographical collections, maps and engravings, books on Saxon and Northern literature, a collection of more than 100 early printed liturgical books (chiefly of Sarum or York use, and therefore considered by Gough as part of Wiltshire and Yorkshire topography), and sixteen volumes of Gaignières' valuable drawings of Church monuments in France. A feature of Gough's printed books is the large number which bear manuscript notes and additions. The collections are arranged as follows:
  1. Maps
  2. General topography
  3. Ecclesiastical topography
  4. Natural history
  5. Bedfordshire
  6. Berkshire
  7. Buckinghamshire
  8. Cambridgeshire
  9. Cheshire
  10. Cornwall
  11. Cumberland
  12. Derbyshire
  13. Devonshire
  14. Dorset
  15. Durham
  16. Essex
  17. Gloucestershire
  18. Hampshire
  19. Herefordshire
  20. Hertfordshire
  21. Huntingdonshire
  22. Kent
  23. Lancashire
  24. Leicestershire
  25. Lincolnshire
  26. Middlesex (including London and Westminster)
  27. Norfolk
  28. Northamptonshire
  29. Northumberland
  30. Nottinghamshire
  31. Oxfordshire
  32. Rutland
  33. Shropshire
  34. Somersetshire
  35. Staffordshire
  36. Suffolk
  37. Surrey
  38. Sussex
  39. Warwickshire
  40. Westmoreland
  41. Wiltshire
  42. Worcestershire
  43. Yorkshire
  44. Wales
  45. Islands
  46. Scotland
  47. Ireland
  48. Saxon and Northern literature
  49. Liturgies
  50. Gaignières drawings

Dates

  • 12th-19th cent.

Extent

866 shelfmarks

Language of Materials

English, Latin, French, Cornish, and Old English

Preferred Citation

Oxford, Bodleian Libraries [followed by shelfmark and folio or page reference, e.g. MSS. Gough (see below for full shelfmarks)].
Please see our help page for further guidance on citing archives and manuscripts.

Full range of shelfmarks:

Gough Camb. 7, 13, 39-40, 48, 76, 80-81, 83, 94, 98-99, 101-102, 105; Cheshire 21; Devonshire 6, 25; Dorset 3-6; Durham 10, 12; Eccl. Top. 19, 27, 31, 38, 41, 47-50, 52, 54, 62-4, 67b, 71, 71a, 71b, 75, 77, 86, 90-92; Essex 7, 22, 30-32, 35; Gen. Top. 3, 17, 22-33, 51, 53, 55-56, 60-61, 71-72, 74, 104, 106, 108, 120, 128, 130-133, 133*, 134, 137, 140-143, 150-152, 157, 193, 195-198, 210, 372-373; Hants. 14; Herts. 11, 13-14, 16-18; Ireland 133; Kent 3-5, 8, 11, 17, 19, 23, 30, 34-38, 44, 54, 58, 70; Leic. 1; Linc. 19; London 52, 54, 125-128, 139-141, 225, 264; Maps 1a, 1*, 2-40, 41a-41o, 43-46, 201, 201*, 202-204, 204*, 221-228, 228*, 229-231; Middlesex 12, 16, 35; Missals 83; Nat. Hist. 10; Norfolk 7, 43-44, 49, 57; Northants. 1, 3; Oxfordshire 4, 15-16, 22, 33-34, 57, 73-74, 76, 86-87, 92-94, 105, 108, 117, 119, 135, 136; Rutland 1-2; Saxon Literature 7, 93, 175; Scotland 182, 185; Somersetshire 10; Staffordshire 1, 4; Surrey 15; Wales 7*, 30, 67; Warwickshire 24; Westminster 27; Wilts. 23; Yorkshire 44, 61*; MSS. Gough Bedf. 1-3; Berks. 1-28; Bucks. 1-8; Camb. 1-76; Cheshire 1-8; Cornwall 1-5; Cumbersland 1; Derbyshire 1, 4; Devonshire 1-6; Dorset 1-34, 35/1-2, 36/1-2, 37; Drawings a. 4; drawings-Gaignières 1-16; Durham 1-2; Eccl. Top. 1-7; Essex 1-4; Gen. Top. 1-24, 28-37; Glouc. 1-3; Hants. 1-2; Heref. 1-2; Herts. 1-5; Hunts. 1-4; Ireland 1-3; Islands 1-3; Kent 1-25, 26.1, 26.2, 27-29; Lanc. 1; Leic. 1-2; Linc. 1-16; Liturg. 1-19; London 1-14; Middlesex 1-7; Misc. antiq. 1-17; Nat. Hist. 1-3; Norfolk 1-43, 46-50; Northants. 1-6; Northumberland 1; Nottinghamshire 1; Oxfordshire 1, 1*, 2-11, 18-32, 32*, 33-7, 41-54; Rutland 1; Sax. Lit. 1-2; Scotland 1-4; Shropshire 1-17, 17b, 18-21; Somersetshire 1-9; Staffordshire 1-7; Suffolk 1-8, 10-11; Surrey 1-8, 10; Sussex 1-4; Wales 1-8; Warwickshire 1-3; Westminster 1-3; Westmoreland 1; Wilts. 1-4; Worcestershire 1-3; Yorkshire 1-24

Collection ID (for staff)

CMD ID 12979

Biographical / Historical

Richard Gough (1735-1809), antiquary, was born in London, received a private education, and was admitted a fellow-commoner of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, in July 1752, but left in 1756 without taking a degree. From the age of eleven he was a prolific writer, but after his Cambridge days devoted himself almost exclusively to British topography and antiquities, making annual tours through different parts of Britian, often in company with John Nichols, his printer and publisher, and employing artists such as Jacob Schnebbelie and James Basire to illustrate his notes. In 1767 he became FSA and from 1771-97 was Director of the Society of Antiquaries. In 1774, on the death of his mother, extensive estates fell to him, which his father (who died in 1751) had bequeathed to him in reversion.

Gough's chief works were his British Topography (1768, and 2 vols. 1780, an account of the literature of the subject), the Sepulchral Monuments of Great Britain (1786-99), and a greatly augmented edition of Camden's Britannia (3 vols. 1789; 4 vols. 1806; a third edition was begun in 1806, but not finished and never published). His numerous minor publications on classical, antiquarian and topographical subjects evince immense industry and activity, while his independent means enabled him to devote himself to his chosen pursuits. In the course of his life he amassed a large library of books and engravings, chiefly topographical, which included many volumes from the libraries of Ducarel, Lort, Blomefield, Peter Le Neve, Hutchins, West and others.

Further details are given in the Dictionary of National Biography.

Other Finding Aids

Falconer Madan, et al., A summary catalogue of western manuscripts in the Bodleian Library at Oxford which have not hitherto been catalogued in the Quarto series (7 vols. in 8 [vol. II in 2 parts], Oxford, 1895-1953; reprinted, with corrections in vols. I and VII, Munich, 1980), vol. IV, nos. 17497-18362.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The collections were left to the Library by Gough in 1809.

Related Materials

See also Correspondence of Richard Gough (MSS. Gough gen. top. 39-44) and Enfield Collections of Richard Gough (MSS. Gough Middlesex 8-12).
Title
Gough Collection
Status
Completed
Author
Emily Tarrant
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the Bodleian Libraries Repository

Contact:
Weston Library
Broad Street
Oxford OX1 3BG United Kingdom