Skip to main content

Material relating to the Jameson Raid

 Single Item
MSS.Afr.s.2206

  • How to
    request
This collection contains:
  1. Photograph labelled "Dr. Jameson's position"
  2. Photograph of the "Cape witnesses in the Jameson Trial, July 1896"
  3. Printed handbill from Her Majesty's Agent in Transvaal to the Secretary of the Reform Committee, Johannesburg
  4. Printed handbill from J. Percy Fitzpatrick of the Reform Committee to the inhabitants of Johannesburg
  5. Writ commanding F.W. Panzera to appear before Bow Street Magistrates Court to testify against named individuals, the first of whom is Jameson, who are appearing on a charge of "misdemeanor".

Dates

  • 1895-1896

Extent

5 items

Language of Materials

English

Preferred Citation

Oxford, Bodleian Libraries [followed by shelfmark and folio or page reference, e.g. MSS.Afr.s.2206].
Please see our help page for further guidance on citing archives and manuscripts.

Shelfmark:

MSS.Afr.s.2206

Collection ID (for staff)

CMD ID 2599

Biographical / Historical

Leander Starr Jameson was born in Edinburgh on the 9 February 1853 and was educated in London at the Godolphin School, Hammersmith and at University College, Gower Street, where he studied medicine. In 1878 he travelled to the diamond mines in Kimberley, South Africa where he met Cecil John Rhodes and they became life-long friends.

In the autumn of 1895, discontent amongst the 'Uitlander', mainly British, population of the Transvaal with Paul Kruger's Boer government was coming to a head, and the Reform Committee in Johannesburg was making plans to forcibly overthrow the government at the instigation of Rhodes. Jameson was to raise a force and move against Johannesburg once the Uitlander uprising had started.

Internal disputes amongst the Uitlander caused Rhodes to postpone the action, but Jameson decided to continue and invaded the Transvaal on 29 December 1895. The raid was a disaster and Jameson and his men were forced to surrender to the Boer commandant, P.A. Cronje, at Doornkop, 14 miles from Johannesburg. Jameson was sent to England where he was tried and sentenced to 15 months' imprisonment, although he was released after a few months because of apparent severe illness. Rhodes was forced to resign as Prime Minister of Cape Colony in 1896.

Jameson returned to South Africa and was elected to represent Kimberley in the Cape Colony Parliament (1900). When Rhodes died in 1902, Jameson took over leadership of the Progressive Party and became Prime Minister of Cape Colony (1904-1908). After helping to promote the Union of South Africa, he founded the Unionist Party (1910) and led the opposition to the governing South African Party in the Union Parliament until he was forced to retire to England in 1912 because of ill-health. A baronetcy was conferred on him in 1911. Jameson died in London on the 26 November 1917, and, when the war was over, his remains were moved and laid to rest by the side of Rhodes' grave in the Matopo Hills, near Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.

Other Finding Aids

The library holds a card index of all manuscript collections in its reading room.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Purchased in October 1995.
Title
Material relating to the Jameson Raid
Status
Completed
Author
Marion Lowman
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the Bodleian Libraries Repository

Contact:
Weston Library
Broad Street
Oxford OX1 3BG United Kingdom