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Falklands War Cuttings

 Single Item
MSS. Atlan. s. 15

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Newspaper cuttings, mainly taken from El Pais and El Dia, relating to the Falklands War, 1982-1983.

Dates

  • 1982-1983

Extent

43 items

Language of Materials

Spanish

Preferred Citation

Oxford, Bodleian Libraries [followed by shelfmark and folio or page reference, e.g. MSS. Atlan. s. 15].
Please see our help page for further guidance on citing archives and manuscripts.

Shelfmark:

MSS. Atlan. s. 15

Collection ID (for staff)

CMD ID 3849

Biographical / Historical

The origins of the Falklands War, April-June 1982 lie in a 150 year dispute over the sovereignty of East and West Falkland, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands in the southern Atlantic. The Falklands were the most important of these and the only permanently settled islands - they were known by the Argentineans as the Malvinas. Originally discovered by the Spanish, the British had subsequently obtained and settled them, holding them despite Argentinean counter-claims.

The immediate cause of the war, though, was the unauthorized presence of Argentineans, (contracted by scrap dealer C.S. Davidoff) on South Georgia. An attempt by the British in March 1982 to expel the party by force led to an excalation of hostilities, resulting in the landing of Argentinean troops on the Falkland Islands on 2nd April, the surrender of the Royal Marines on the same day, and the annexation of South Georgia on the 3rd.

On 7th April the British sent a task force to recapture the islands. A series of diplomatic mediations proved unsuccessful, and on 25th April Royal Marines recaptured South Georgia. British forces landed on San Carlos, at East Falkland, on 21st May, after a period of bombardment, and the loss of ships and aircraft on both sides. The British took Goose Green and Darwin on 28th May, Teal Inlet on 30th and Mount Kent soon afterwards. Mount Tumbledown fell on 12th June and Argentinean forces, led by Gral Menendez, surrendered at Port Stanley on 14th June.

The war's conclusion can be linked, at least partially, to the collapse of the ruling Military Junta in Argentina and was a significant symptom in Margaret Thatcher's re-election as Prime Minister in 1983.

Other Finding Aids

The library holds a card index of all manuscript collections in its reading room.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The papers were donated to the library by Brian Rathbone on 19th February 1998.
Title
Falklands War Cuttings
Status
Completed
Author
Paul Davidson
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the Bodleian Libraries Repository

Contact:
Weston Library
Broad Street
Oxford OX1 3BG United Kingdom