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Violet Milner Papers


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The collection consists mainly of the papers of Violet Milner, but includes estate papers, family papers, correspondence, and other papers of Frederick Augustus Maxse, the Maxse family, Lord Edward Herbert Gascoyne-Cecil, and Alfred Milner. It contains material relating to 19th- and 20th-century British and Imperial history, in particular the Boer War. The coverage of 20th-century South African politics is notable. Most major British politicians and political events of this period are documented in some way.


  • Creation: 1833-1958


85 shelfmarks

Language of Materials

  • English
  • French
  • Arabic

Preferred Citation

Oxford, Bodleian Libraries [followed by shelfmark and folio or page reference, e.g. MSS. Violet Milner 1].

Please see our help page for further guidance on citing archives and manuscripts.

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. Violet Milner 1-85

Collection ID (for staff)

CMD ID 12129

Biographical / Historical

Violet Georgina, Viscountess Milner (1872-1958) married Lord Edward Herbert Gascoyne-Cecil (1867-1918) in 1894. She subsequently married Viscount Milner (1854-1925) in 1921. She had an interest in politics and was editor of The National Review 1932-1948.

Frederick Augustus Maxse (1833-1900) had a distinguished naval career before retiring with the rank of Admiral in 1867. He became a political writer after 1874.

Alfred, Viscount Milner (1854-1925) was a statesman. His positions included director general of accounts in Egypt, 1889-1892; chair of the Board of Inland Revenue, 1892-1897; and High Commissioner for South Africa, 1897-1905. He returned to England in 1905, from which date he worked in the City and served as a member of various committees and as a Rhodes Trustee. In 1916 he became a member of the War Cabinet. In April 1918 he became Secretary of State for War and in December of the same year Secretary of State for the Colonies, a post which he held until his resignation in 1921.

Details are given in the Dictionary of National Biography and in Lady Milner's book My Picture Gallery (1951).

Other Finding Aids

A full catalogue (without an index) is available in the Library.

Custodial History

The collection was previously deposited in Kent Archives Office.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The collection was bought in 1986.

Related Materials

See also Papers of Alfred Milner, Viscount Milner, 1824-1955, (Shelfmarks: MSS. Milner dep. 1-698, MS. Milner dep. adds. 1) and Additional papers of Alfred Milner, Viscount Milner, 1884-1920, (Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. hist. c. 686-709; d. 362; e. 305-307)

Violet Milner Papers
Emily Tarrant
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Bodleian Libraries Repository

Weston Library
Broad Street
Oxford OX1 3BG United Kingdom