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Conservative Party Archive: 1922 Committee

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Comprises minutes of the 1922 Committee, 1923-2010; minutes of the 1922 Executive Committee, 1979-2010; correspondence, 1969-1979; miscellaneous papers, 1968-2003; and Points Raised in Meetings, 1979-87.

Dates

  • 1923-2010

Extent

82 shelfmarks

Language of Materials

English

English

Conditions Governing Access

Material which is less than 50 years' old is closed unless permission is obtained from the Chairman of the 1922 Committee.

Preferred Citation

Oxford, Bodleian Libraries, Conservative Party Archive [followed by shelfmark, e.g. 1922/1].
Please see our help page for further guidance on citing archives and manuscripts.

Full range of shelfmarks:

1922/1-1922/19/6

Collection ID (for staff)

CPA 1922

Overview

Papers of the 1922 Committee, 1923-2010, including minutes and correspondence.

Biographical / Historical

This committee was "formed [in 1923] of Conservative Private Members who were elected for the first time in 1922, for the purpose of mutual co-operation and assistance in dealing political and parliamentary questions and in order to enable new Members to take a more active interest and part in parliamentary life..." (CPA, 1922/1). The name is often mistakenly thought to refer to the meeting at the Carlton Club in 1922 which ended Lloyd George's Coalition Government.

Since 1926, every Conservative back-bench MP is a member of the committee, although it did not take up a position within the formal Party structure until as late as 1965. It provides a sounding board of Conservative opinion in the House of Commons, and allows MPs to put forward ideas, views and concerns through a process of dialogue, rather than through confrontation with the leadership. As such, it has been involved in all the major issues of the twentieth century.

In 2015, the five policy committees of the 1922 Committee played a significant part in drafting the Party's general election manifesto, along with the No. 10 Policy Unit and the MPs on the Downing Street Policy Board. The Policy Unit's working groups match the structure of the 1922's policy committees, which are: Economy, Foreign Affairs, Environment and Local Government, Home Affairs and the Constitution, and Public Services.

Following the June 2017 General Election, when the Conservatives lost their parliamentary majority, representation of the 1922 Committee's policy committees on the Downing Street Policy Board, and approval by them of any proposals made by the Downing Street Policy Unit, were amongst the concessions demanded in return for continued support for Theresa May by the parliamentary party.

Custodial History

The Conservative Party Archive (CPA) was established as a source for academic study at the Bodleian Library in 1978 by an agreement made between the University of Oxford and the Conservative Party, and brought together surviving historic papers of the Party previously held in various locations including Newcastle University Library and the former Conservative Central Office in Smith Square, London. Since 1996, ownership and financial responsibility for the CPA has been vested in the Conservative Party Archive Trust. The CPA preserves the records of all three areas of Party organisation: parliamentary, voluntary and professional. It is recognised by the Conservative Party as the official repository for its historic records and those of affiliated organisations, and receives new material on a regular basis.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The Conservative Party

Related Materials

The 1922 Committee papers represent part of the parliamentary party, the longest-established element of the Conservative Party with a history dating back to the 17th century. The parliamentary party is also represented in the CPA through the records of the following bodies:
  1. CPA LCC: Leader's Consultative Committee (or Shadow Cabinet)
  2. CPA WHIP: The Whip's Office
  3. CPA SUMC: Scottish Unionist Members' Committee
  4. CPA LUMC: London Unionist Members' Committee
Title
Conservative Party Archive: 1922 Committee
Status
Completed
Author
Finding aid prepared by Emily Tarrant
Date
2004
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the Bodleian Libraries Repository

Contact:
Weston Library
Broad Street
Oxford OX1 3BG United Kingdom