Skip to main content

A Gregorian Sacramentary, Written in the first quarter of the 11th cent. in Germany (?)

MS. Canon. Liturg. 319

  • Request

A Gregorian Sacramentary, consisting of:

  1. Lists of antiphons, graduals, etc. (fol. 1v)
  2. 'Martyrologium per circulum anni', a calendar (fol. 15v)
  3. Some added prayers and masses (fol. 24)
  4. 'In nomine Domini incipit Liber sacramentorum de circulo anni expositus a sancto Gregorio papa Romano. editus ex authentico libro bibliothecę cubiculi scriptus. qualiter missa Romana celebratur ...' (fol. 29v: this and the following page are in gold letters)
  5. There is an 'Ordo sacri baptismatis' (fol. 85), preceding the Easter services
  6. The Proprium de Tempore and Sanctorum form one series (fols. 36-161v), the Commune Sanctorum beginning on fol. 161v
  7. Prayers and masses occupy fols. 181-257
  8. An 'Obsequium circa morientes' and Office for the Dead fols. 257-263v
  9. Some later additions follow

There are ten fine large illuminations or miniatures in German style, at fols. 30v, 32 (Crucifixion: 'Te igitur) 38v (Nativity, and Angels appearing to the Shepherds), 39, 95v (Angel appearing to the women after the Resurrection), 96, 110v (Ascension), 111, 115v (Pentecost), 116: and illuminated capitals, etc. A description of the MS. stated to be in the hand of the abbot Canonici is on fols. iii-v. See MS. Canon. Liturg. 297.


  • Creation: Written in the first quarter of the 11th cent. in Germany (?)


270 Leaves

Language of Materials

  • Latin


MS. Canon. Liturg. 319

Other Finding Aids

Falconer Madan, et al., A summary catalogue of western manuscripts in the Bodleian Library at Oxford which have not hitherto been catalogued in the Quarto series (7 vols. in 8 [vol. II in 2 parts], Oxford, 1895-1953; reprinted, with corrections in vols. I and VII, Munich, 1980), vol. IV, no. 19408

Custodial History

The body of the MS., as judged by the calendar and illuminations, was probably written in Germany, possibly in the Rhenish provinces (among the saints are stt. Cuthbert, Columba, Columbanus, Kilian, Leodegarius, Willibrord, Adalbert (d. 997): at Mar. 29 'dedicatio aecclesiae s. Mariae', Dec. 17 'dedicatio s. Nicolai confessoris'). The additions to the calendar show clearly that soon after it was written it was in use in the diocese of Aquileia (obits of the patriarchs from 1017 to 1080, names of Hermagoras, July 12, Thecla, etc., Sept. 25, etc.).


  • See Waagen's Treasures of Art in Great Britain , iii. (1854) 98, and H. A. Wilson in the Guardian , Nov. 19, 1890, p. 1845.

Physical Facet

On parchment, illuminated, see scope and content


10 × 7 3/8 in.

Repository Details

Part of the Bodleian Libraries Repository

Weston Library
Broad Street
Oxford OX1 3BG United Kingdom